Wednesday, October 1, 2014

Tahereh Qurrat’ul Ain


طاهره قره العین
گر به تو افتدم نظر چهره به چهره رو به رو
شرح دهم غم تو را نکته به نکته مو به مو
از پی دیدن رخت همچو صبا فتاده ام
خانه به خانه در به در کوچه به کو چه کو به کو
می رود از فراق تو خون دل از دو دیده ام
دجله به دجله یم به یم چشمه به چشمه جو به جو
دور دهان تنگ تو عارض عنبرین خطت
غنچه به غنچه گل به گل لاله به لاله بو به بو
ابرو و چشم خال تو صید نموده مرغ دل
طبع بطبع دل به دل مهر به مهرو خو به خو
مهر ترا دل حزین بافته بر قماش جان
رشته به رشته نخ به نخ تار به تار پو به پو
در دل خویش طاهره گشت و ندید جز ترا
صفحه به صفحه لا به لا پرده به پرده تو به تو

 طاهره قرةالعین ‪-‬ فاطمه برغانی : fatemeh barghani / tahereh qurrat’ul ain (c 1814 – 1852)
was a poet and theologian of the baha-i faith - born to a very prominent family, her life and execution made her a symbol for many women.
As a young girl Tahereh was educated privately by her father – a phenomenon for the times – and showed herself a proficient writer. Whilst in her teens she was married to a relative with whom she had a difficult marriage. In the early 1840s she became familiar with the teachings of Shaykh Ahmad and later began a secret correspondence with his successor Kazim Rashti: she travelled to the holy city of Karbala to meet him, but he died a number of days before her arrival. In 1844 aged about 27, she became acquainted with the teachings of the Báb and accepted his religious claims.
She soon won renown and infamy for her zealous teachings of his faith and “fearless devotion”. Subsequently exiled back to Iran, Tahereh taught her faith at almost every opportunity. The Persian clergy grew resentful of her and endeavoured to have her imprisoned and stopped. She battled with her family throughout her life who wanted her to return back to the traditional beliefs of her family.
Tahereh was probably best remembered for unveiling herself in an assemblage of men during the Conference of Badasht. The unveiling caused a great deal of controversy and the Báb named her Tahereh (meaning “the Pure One”) to show his support for her. She was soon arrested and placed under house arrest in Tehran. A few years later in mid-1852 she was executed in secret on account of her Bábí faith.

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